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    Pitman English Shorthand in Urdu - Download as PDF File .pdf) or read online. Pitman English Learn Pitman English Shorthand (Free download pdf file). Learn Shorthand. Home; Learn Shorthand. Book Category, SH LEARNING, SH LOWER UPTO 80WPM, popular_books, SH INTER UPTO WPM, SH SENIOR . Pitman Shorthand Class 17 (Complete Vowels). If you want to learn shorthand in accurate way please memorize these vowels as more as you can. Posted by.

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    Shorthand Course In Urdu Pdf

    Pitman's Shorthand Writing Exercises and Examination Tests English has some set of signs learn shorthand sincerely to become stenographers

    Classical antiquity[ edit ] The earliest known indication of shorthand systems is from the Parthenon in Ancient Greece , where a mid-4th century BC marble slab was found. This shows a writing system primarily based on vowels, using certain modifications to indicate consonants. The oldest datable reference is a contract from Middle Egypt , stating that Oxyrhynchos gives the "semeiographer" Apollonios for two years to be taught shorthand writing. Hellenistic tachygraphy consisted of word stem signs and word ending signs. Over time, many syllabic signs were developed. Plutarch c. The Tironian notes consisted of Latin word stem abbreviations notae and of word ending abbreviations titulae. The original Tironian notes consisted of about signs, but new signs were introduced, so that their number might increase to as many as 13, In order to have a less complex writing system, a syllabic shorthand script was sometimes used.

    Hook in clockwise direction represents 'en' after the stroke train, chin, genuine.

    Hook in counter-clockwise direction represents 'eff' or 'vee' after the stroke pave, calf, toughen. For curved strokes eff, vee, ith, thee, ish, zhee, em, en, ing the hook is written in after the stroke is written and it represents 'n' after the stroke men, thin.

    Shun hook The shun hook is written on the right hand side of a simple t, d or j. The big hook after any stroke represents 'shun', 'zhun' etc. For straight strokes with initial circle or loop or hook, the shun hook is written in opposite direction section. Depression and depletion have shun hooks in different directions. For simple straight strokes, the shun hook is written in the direction opposite to the occurrence of the vowel.

    Caution and auction have shun hooks in different directions.

    For curved strokes, the shun hook is written after the stroke, continuing the curve motion, notion. To represent the sound s-shun as in sessation, decision, musician etc. Other hooks Big hook for 'wh'. The big hook in the beginning of the stroke way represents 'wh' whine. Hook before ell.

    Urdu text book “Ibtedai Urdu-2” for class 2, CBSE, NCERT.

    The small hook before ell represents 'way' before it well. With the phonetic approach, that is just about the time it should take to break the code. You should be able to write your name in upper case Urdu. For example, if your name is Ashok, you can break it into its constituent sounds — A, SH, O, K — and recall the Urdu symbols that represent the same sounds.

    The first and most critical milestone is to get to the point where you can write any Hindi word in the equivalent upper case Urdu. As you can appreciate, this is a purely mechanical exercise — one could train a monkey to listen to a sound and pick the associated symbol out of a tray of symbols representing all sounds. However, you will be reading and pronouncing the word right; all it means is that you will make a mistake in writing which is a second order problem.

    Just as familiarity has made us comfortable with odd English spellings, the same will happen with Urdu. The next step is to crack the transition from upper case to lower case Urdu and to master its shorthand which is what stumps most adult learners. Fortunately this task has been made relatively simple by modern technology. Use a phonetic keyboard with Urdu letters which you would know by this point and type the upper case letters on it you can use this keyboard to start with.

    Then watch the screen to see how they connect together and you will begin to get a hang of the logic of the shorthand.

    Download Shorthand Books - PDF Drive

    An ideal supplement would be a book of Ghalib that has the ghazals in Urdu, Devanagari and Roman scripts. Read a word in Devanagari, recall the upper case Urdu letters that represent its sounds and note how they are combined in Urdu. You will, at one go, enjoy Urdu poetry, enrich your vocabulary, and pick up the mechanics of the Urdu shorthand.

    However, her general site for Hindi-Urdu resources would yield much of value to the interested reader. There is a complexity in Urdu writing that it would help to keep in mind. Unlike in Hindi, each Urdu word is not clearly separated from the next by the device of the bar or clothesline on top.

    One Urdu word in its written form can have two or more separate components. For the uninitiated this can create ambiguity about whether an element belongs to the preceding or the following word.

    I recall an incident where I had lent a book of Urdu poetry to a friend.


    Such exciting errors will yield memorable anecdotes to be recalled with nostalgia; familiarity will take care of them. There are a few tricks that help negotiate these difficulties.

    First, there are a number of Urdu letters that can be considered terminal, i. Unit Contents Theory Practical 1. Dipthong - Rules of dipthong Practice of dipthong usage and its words application 5.

    Grammalogues - Definition and Undertake Practice of usage of grammalogue grammalogue - List of grammalogues 6. Phraseography - Qualities of a Transcribe good phraseogram a passage in - List of simple shorthand Phrases containing enough Phrases Various forms of - Principle of Undertake Practice of R upward and words and sentences downward R Various forms of - Upward and Practice of words L downward L- and exercise related to its application L- downward and principle and upward Hooks - initial R and L l Practice the words hook with R and L hook - attachment of r hook l Take dictation of with curve and passages containing straight stroke such words Additional signs for - Principle of additional Transcribe Passages Fal, Tal, Dal, Tar signs and its in shorthand with application such words

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